As we get older, Our facial muscles slacken and the skin becomes less elastic, creating folds and lines called wrinkles. Wrinkles are often found where your facial muscles move. Examples include facial expression lines and wrinkles such as frown lines, forehead lines and squint lines at the corners of your eyes (crow’s feet).
Causes of wrinkles
Wrinkles usually appear on areas that are most exposed to the sun, such as your face, neck, backs of your hands and upper arms. This is because UV radiation from the sun damages the DNA in your skin cells causing your skin to age. Some sunlight is important because your skin uses it to produce vitamin D, which helps to build and maintain strong bones. But too much sun is harmful and people, who spend a lot of time in the sun, particularly without protecting their skin, may develop fine lines and wrinkles at an earlier age.
Cigarette smoke affects your skin in several ways. It dries your skin out and it constricts your blood vessels. This reduces the supply of oxygen and vital nutrients to your skin. Research suggests that smoking may also cause an increase in the production of an enzyme that breaks down collagen – the part of your skin that keeps it looking firm. As a result, people who smoke are more likely to have facial wrinkles at a younger age. Puckering up your lips when you smoke also causes lines to form around your mouth and eyes.
An unhealthy diet, stress and drinking too much alcohol may also cause wrinkles to appear at a younger age.
Cosmetic surgery can help to reduce deep wrinkles and sagging skin. Facelift surgery involves lifting up your facial skin and tissues and/or the underlying muscle, to make your face tighter and smoother. The operation can be done on your whole face (a full facelift) or on your brow area (brow lift), lower face or neck only.
The effects of a facelift last for about seven to 10 years. The best results are achieved if you maintain a stable body weight, have skin with good levels of elasticity, and have a strong bone structure. In older people, or people who spend a lot of time in the sun, the results don’t last as long.
Botulinum toxin injections, Botox and Dysport
Lines and wrinkles are often found where your facial muscles move. Facial expression lines and wrinkles such as frown lines, forehead lines and squint lines at the corners of the eyes (known as crow’s feet) can be reduced with botulinum toxin injections. Botulinum toxin is a protein produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The protein is injected into specific facial muscles. It relaxes your muscles, reducing their effect on lines and wrinkles. Untreated areas of your face continue to move as normal and you will be able to laugh, smile and frown, but with less wrinkling of your skin in the treated areas. Botulinum toxin injections will gradually take effect within seven to 10 days and the full results of the treatment will show after around two to three weeks. The treatment usually lasts three to four months. You will need to have repeat injections if you want to maintain the effects. Botulinum toxin injections aren’t recommended for pregnant or breastfeeding women or for people who have neurological disorders such as myasthenia gravis.
Dermal filler injections, Restylane, Juvaderm, Aquamid, Voluma, Sub Q, Vitale
Dermal fillers plump up your skin, making it appear fuller and smoother. Dermal fillers are often used to reduce and smooth nose to lip lines, lip to chin lines, lines and wrinkles around your lips, and to enhance your lip shape. There are a range of dermal fillers available. They can be permanent or temporary. Your cosmetic surgeon will usually recommend using non-permanent dermal filler made from a tissue-friendly gel that closely resembles a naturally occurring acid in the body. He or she will inject the dermal filler into the affected area with a tiny needle.
The effect of treatment with non-permanent dermal fillers can last from four to nine months, depending on the area you have treated. You will need to have repeat treatments if you want the effects to last. See photos and videos of Wrinkle Treatmentat Sydney Plastic Surgery by Dr Barnouti.